Darija – Possession – 1

To express possession, you only add the appropriate endings to the word:

My = î


Your (s.) = k

His = ô

Her = hâ

Our = nâ

Your (p.) = kom

Their = hom

Example:

Book = Ktâb

English

Darija in Transcription

Darija in the Arabic Script

My book

Ktâbî

كْتابي

Your book (s.)

Ktâbk

كْتابك

His book

Ktâbô

كْتابو

Her book

Ktâbhâ

كْتابها

Our book

Ktâbnâ

كْتابنا

Your book (p.)

Ktâbkom

كْتابكم

Their book

Ktâbhom

كْتابهم

For words ending with (a) -generally feminine words- you take away the (a), replace it with (t) and apply the same endings.

Basically, that (a) is referring to the silent (t) we have in standard Arabic, and in the Arabic script.

Example:

School = Mdrasa

English

Darija in Transcription

Darija in the Arabic Script

My school

Mdrastî

مدرستي

Your school (s.)

Mdrastk

مدرستك

His school

Mdrasto

مدرستو

Her school

Mdrast-hâ*

مدرستها

Our school

Mdrastnâ

مدرستنا

Your school (p.)

Mdrastkom

مدرستكم

Their school

Mdrast-hom

مدرستهم

*Reminder: The dash (-) is used not to mix up the letters t and h that must be pronounced separately, and not such as a th.

These endings can be slightly changed when the word ends with another vowel, other than the (a) of feminine words. Especially for the endings of (my) and (his) that become (ya) and (h)

Examples:

My mother = mâmâمامايا, or just mâmâ ماما (no need to add any ending)

His mother = mâmâh ماماه

My brother = khôخويا

His brother = khôh خوه