Darija – Plurals

Regular Plurals:

To form the plural, we regularly add (în) to a masculine word, and (ât) to a feminine one.


English

Masc. Sing.

Masc. Plural

Teacher

Mô3llim مُعلِّم

Mô3llimîn مُعلِّمين

Employee

MowDDaf مُوْضّف

MowDDafîn مُوْضّفين

English

Fem. Sing.

Fem Plural

Teacher

Mô3llima مُعلِّمة

Mô3llimât مُعلِّمات

Employee

MowDDafa مُوْضّفة

MowDDafât مُوْضّفات

Broken Plurals:

As there are no rules for broken plurals, you just need to learn them by heart.

English word

Singular

Plural

Professor

Ostâd (m.) أستاد

Ostâda (f.) أستادة

Asâtida (m.) أساتدة

Ostâdât (f.) أستادات

Book

Ktâb كتاب

Ktôba كتوبة

Man

Râjl راجل

Rjjâla رجالة

Woman

Mra مرا

Mrawât مراوات

3yâlât عيالات

Monkey

Qrd قرد

Qrôda قرودة

Adjectives:

It’s very usual to use the masculine plural form of adjectives for feminine as well.

Adjective

Masc. Sing.

Masc. Plural

Big

Kbîr كبير

Kbâr كْبار

Small

Sghîr صْغير

Sghâr صْغار

New

Jdîd جْديد

Jdâd جْداد

Short

QSîr قْصير

QSâr قْصار

Beautiful

Zwîn زْوين

Zwînîn زْوينين

Examples:

Girl = bnt, – Little girls (Bnât Sghâr بْنات صْغار), or very rarely (bnât Sghârât

بْنات صْغارات ).

Skirt = Sâya صايا – Long skirts (Sâyât Twâl صَايات طْوال ).

Shirt = qamîja قميجة – New shirts (Qwâmj jdâd قْوامج جْداد).

[For more adjectives, please refer to the list of adjectives.]