Darija – Interrogative Particles

Here is a list of interrogative particles:

English

Darija in Transcription

Darija in Arabic letters

Who?

Shkôn?

شْكُون؟

Why? / What for?

3lâsh?

lâsh?

عْلاش؟

لاش؟

Where?

Fîn?

فِينْ؟

When?

Imtâ?

إِيمْتا؟

How? / How so?

Kifâsh?

كيفاشْ؟

What?

Ashnô?

Ash?

Shnô?

أَشْنُو؟

أَشْ؟

شنو؟

How much/many?

Sh7âl?

شحال؟

Where from?

Mnîn?

مْنين؟

Which?

Ash mn?

أشْ مْن؟

Which one? (m.s)

Which one? (f.s)

Înâ wâ7d?

Înâ w7da?

إينا واحد؟

إينا وحدة؟

Whose?

Dyâl mn?

ديال من؟

A cultural flash:


When someone knocks on the door in Morocco for instance, you ask:

Shkôn? شكون؟ [Who is it?]

And you get the answer:

Qrîb قريب [A relative].

As to imply that the guest is not an enemy, or anybody having harmful intentions.

Examples:

English

Darija in Transcription

Darija in Arabic letters

What’s this thing?

Ash hâd sh-shî?

أَش هادْ الشي؟

What’s that thing?

Ash dâk sh-shî?

أَش داك الشي؟

How much does this skirt cost?

Bsh7âl hâd SSâya?

بْشحَال هاد الصاية؟

When did you (s.) come?

Imtâ jîti?

إيمْتا جيتي؟

What are you (m.s.) doing?

Ash kaddîr?

أشْ كادّيرْ؟

What do you want?

Ashnô bghîtî?

أشْنُو بْغيتي؟

When will you (m.s.) arrive?

Imtâ ghâdî twSl?

إيمْتا غادي توصْل؟

Where are you (m.s.) going?

Fîn ghâdî?

فين غادي؟